Rehabilitation is a method of treatment designed to facilitate recovery after a serious injury, illness or surgery by restoring your physical, psychological, intellectual, sensory and social functions. With rehabilitation, you are able to return to your normal life through therapy and training.
Rehabilitation can include a pre-operative program, where you are prepared physically and mentally for both the surgery and its outcomes, and a post-operative program that helps you heal faster and return to optimal health.
Various rehabilitation programs practiced include:
- Physical therapy: Physical therapy is a branch of rehabilitative medicine that uses specially designed exercises and equipment to help strengthen muscles and improve range of motion.
- Occupational therapy: The main goal of occupational therapy is to enable you to resume your daily activities, regain lost skills and learn adaptive techniques to lead an independent life.
- Pain management: Pain management promotes physical activities to enhance quality-of-life in those suffering from chronic pain conditions.
Physical therapy is one of the foremost treatment modes of recovery. It is often adopted before surgery as a non-surgical treatment for various musculoskeletal injuries and diseases. Therapy facilitates improved flexibility, strength, movement, coordination, endurance, balance and pain management by teaching safe stretching, conditioning and strengthening exercise techniques.
The different modalities of physical therapy include exercise, hot or cold packs, ultrasound, electrical nerve stimulation, manual therapy, diathermy, massage and aqua therapy. You are also educated on activities to avoid, such as twisting movements and excessive weight lifting and proper body mechanics. The two different forms of physical therapy include active and passive.
- Active physical therapy includes physical exercise or stretching, whereby the patient uses their own force to reduce back pain.
- Passive physical therapy is where the modalities are done to the patient by the therapist.
A physical therapist tailors a particular exercise program as per the individual necessities and goals.