What is a Dislocation?
A dislocation is an injury that occurs when the end of a bone in a joint is forced out of its position. It is often caused by a fall or direct blow to the joint while playing contact sport. The dislocation might be a partial dislocation (subluxation) or a complete dislocation causing pain and joint instability. The common dislocations include, shoulder, elbow, hip, knee and ankle.
Symptoms of a Dislocation
Most common symptoms of a dislocation are pain and joint instability. Other symptoms such as swelling, numbness and bruising may occur. At times, it may cause a tear in the ligaments or tendons of the joint and nerve damage.
Diagnosis of a Dislocation
Your doctor will examine your joint and may order an X-ray, CT scan, and MRI scan to confirm the diagnosis.
Treatments for Shoulder Dislocation
The condition is treated by a process called closed reduction which involves placing the dislocated bone back into the socket. Following this, the joint will be immobilized for several weeks. Ice may be applied over the area for 3-4 times a day. Rehabilitation exercises may be started to restore range of motion, once the pain and swelling decrease.